December 9, 2022

Detector-integrated on-chip QKD receiver for GHz clock rates

Detector-integrated on-chip QKD receiver for GHz clock rates Simplified measurement setup for demonstrating a QKD experiment with the receiver chip.

Quantum Key Distribution (QKD) can greatly benefit from photonic integration, which enables implementing low-loss, alignment-free, and scalable photonic circuitry. At the same time, Superconducting Nanowire Single-Photon Detectors (SNSPD) are an ideal detector technology for QKD due to their high efficiency, low dark-count rate, and low jitter.

Researchers have developed a QKD receiver chip featuring the full photonic circuitry needed for different time-based protocols, including single-photon detectors.

Three-state time-bin QKD protocol
Three-state time-bin QKD protocol

By utilizing waveguide-integrated SNSPDs, they achieved low dead times together with low dark-count rates and demonstrate a QKD experiment at 2.6 GHz clock rate, yielding secret-key rates of 2.5 Mbit/s for low channel attenuations of 2.5 dB without detector saturation.

Due to the broadband 3D polymer couplers the receiver chip can be operated at a wide wavelength range in the telecom band, thus paving the way for highly parallelized wavelength-division multiplexing implementations.

The paper has been published in npj quantum information.